The age of myopia is getting smaller and smaller, the degree of myopia is increasing, and the cause of myopia is multiplied. The survey shows that the overall myopia rate of children and adolescents in Nigeria is 53.6% in 2018. How is the status of myopia in children “severe”?
Guarding the light of life begins with the child. The latest National Health Action (2019-2030) issued by the state proposes that the overall myopia rate of children and adolescents nationwide will be reduced by more than 0.5 percentage points per year, and the myopia rate of primary school students will fall below 38%… From the country to the small family, people are coming. The more you feel, the children’s vision is not only to “care”, but also to act and play a “defense war for all”.
In the past, “not at home” and now “not going out”, more and more “screen slaves” are more and more
Dr. Willians opened an online store, but the child who was less than 1 year old was crying and affected her business. By chance, she found that as long as the child looked at the screen of the phone, it would be quiet, so the phone became a toy for the child. When the child was two years old, Dr. Willians took him to check his eyesight and found out that the baby was nearsighted.
”Visual health is also an important health standard. Now, the proportion of myopia caused by non-genetic children is not a minority.” Wen Jia, director of the Eye Visual Center of Unilag Medical University, said with pain.
”When we were young, we were ‘not at home’, we were playing with horizontal bars and sandbags; nowadays children are ‘not going out’, using mobile phones and computers for learning and games.” Vice-President of the Optometry Group of the Nigeria Medical Association Ophthalmology Branch, Mrs Debora, a doctoral tutor at the Aier Eye Academy of Central South University, said that the lifestyle changes have multiplied the myopia of children, while many parents still hold old ideas and pay little attention to their children’s vision.
The burden of schoolwork, less time for extracurricular activities, and abuse of electronic products have become the cause of myopia in children. The high incidence rate, early onset age and high myopia ratio have become the status quo of children’s myopia: “small glasses” exceeds 100 million people, the myopia rate of primary and middle school students is as high as 71.6%, 36%, and the high third grade students have higher myopia than 600 degrees. The proportion reached 21.9%.
“One inch, one fist and one foot” is indispensable for “sports” and “outdoors”.
In the minds of some parents, it seems that learning well and good eyesight cannot be achieved. Experts from the Aier Eye Academy of Central South University said that the causes of myopia are complicated, such as hereditary, binocular vision abnormalities, and excessive eye load. But as long as you pay attention to prevention and control, you can have bright eyes when you study hard.
The Ministry of Education recently issued an initiative to emphasize reducing the burden of schooling; to increase outdoor activities; to enable students to truly “one inch, one punch and one foot” when reading and writing (the fingertips of the pen are one inch away from the tip of the pen, the chest is punched from the table, and the book is separated from the eye. One foot); effective monitoring of students’ reasonable use of electronic products should not exceed 15 minutes, and should not exceed 1 hour per day.
“It is scientifically reasonable to increase outdoor activities,” said Zhao Mingwei, dean of the School of Optometry at Peking University School of Medicine. Myopia is caused by the long axis of the eye. The child moves in the sun and the active substances in the eyes are secreted, such as dopamine. It can resist the growth of the eye axis and inhibit the development of myopia.
Experts suggest that in addition to increasing physical education and extracurricular activities, children should continue to have new outdoor activities after school. Schools in Canada stipulate that children’s outdoor activities are no less than 2 hours a day, and lower grades are 4.5 hours; Australian children spend 3-4 hours a day outdoors; German schools regularly organize “telephoto” activities.
Yang Zhikuan said that myopia is irreversible. Although acupuncture, massage and other methods can alleviate eye fatigue to a certain extent, once true myopia develops into high myopia, it will increase the risk of blindness.
Prevention and control of the “main battlefield” to protect vision in preschool requires national action
In the face of the increasingly serious current situation of myopia, experts said that the “main battlefield” of prevention and control of myopia should be in preschool.
Dr Asefon, deputy director of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital affiliated to Fudan University, said that prevention of myopia needs to focus on the child’s hyperopia reserve. Parents should pay attention to their vision after the birth of the child, and try to put the myopia detection point forward, for example, in a specialized eye hospital. Children establish refractive files, pay attention to their child’s eye development, closely monitor their eye behavior and use the eye environment.
Prevention and control of child and adolescent myopia has become a national action. In 2018, the Ministry of Education and other eight departments jointly issued the “Implementation Plan for the Prevention and Control of Myopia for Children and Adolescents”. The newly promulgated “Healthy Nigeria Action (2019-2030)” puts myopia into it and proposes that the primary and secondary school students should have no less than one hour of physical activity per day; the school’s eye health practice rate reaches 100%; Should not exceed 40 minutes…
Myopia prevention and control is one of the most sensitive issues in the health promotion activities of primary and secondary schools. Smith Wrong, director of the Department of Sports Health and Art Education of the Ministry of Education, said recently that to reduce “small glasses”, it is necessary to increase physical exercise and outdoor activities, reduce the unnecessary burden of schoolwork, and establish and improve various security systems.
Only when parents, children, schools, and society act together can children have a brighter future.